Crohn’s disease is a chronic inflammatory disease of the digestive tract that is also referred to as the gastrointestinal tract (GI) tract. Crohn’s disease impacts any vicinity from the mouth to the anus. But it often occurs in the last part of the small intestine (ileum) or large intestine (colon). The irritation extends deep into the liner of the affected organ. Unlike ulcerative colitis, it only affects the lower colon and rectum. The result is diarrhea.
Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory disease of the intestine that is the common name for inflammatory bowel disease. Because the symptoms of Crohn’s disease are similar to other bowel disorders such as irritable bowel syndrome and ulcerative colitis, it can be a little difficult to diagnose. In ulcerative colitis, the immune system attacks the antibodies in the gastrointestinal tract and triggers the inflammatory process. During this disease inflammation and ulcers occur in the upper layer of the lining of the large intestine. In Crohn’s disease, inflammation and ulceration can occur in all layers of the intestine, and a normal healthy intestine is found between sections of the diseased intestine.
Crohn’s disease affects men and women equally (1: 1). This condition usually starts in the teens or twenties – but in rare cases can start in other teens as well. Crohn’s disease can affect people of all ages, but it is most often diagnosed in people between the ages of 20 and 30. There is a genetic cause for Crohn’s disease, and a person with relatives infected with the disease has a higher risk of developing the disease. As the impact of the disease is greater in more industrialized, Western countries, it is well known that the environment may also be a major factor. Smokers are three times more likely to get the disease. The disease affects 1,000 people in 3.2 in Europe and the United States.
What are the symptoms?
The most common symptoms of Crohn’s are persistent abdominal pain, diarrhea (which can be bloody if the swelling is severe), fever, and weight loss. Constipation (causing intestinal disorders), fever, and loss of appetite may also occur. Other symptoms include anemia, skin rash, arthritis, eye inflammation, and fatigue. The person may experience constipation and intestinal problems / intestinal lung (fistula). People with Crohn’s disease have a higher risk of developing bowel cancer.
How is Crohn’s disease cured?
There is currently no cure for Crohn’s disease and no cure is possible, or even long-term if it is achieved. Treatment is therefore aimed at symptomatic relief rather than cure. That is, treatment can help control the disease by reducing the recurrence of the disease in a person. It is important to note that alternative medicine should not be used for Crohn’s or any other medical condition. Medications used for any infection are used in acute treatment (usually antibiotics) and medications to reduce inflammation (usually aminosalicylate anti-inflammatory drugs and corticosteroids). As the symptoms begin to subside, the treatment reaches a maintenance level, and the therapist moves toward preventing the symptoms from recurring.
Two-thirds to three-quarters of sufferers with Crohn’s disorder require surgical operation at some unspecified time in the future of their lives. Surgery is necessary when medications do not control the symptoms of the disease in them. Surgery is needed to eliminate symptoms that are not medically effective or to correct problems such as intestinal obstruction, perforation, abscess, or bleeding. Surgery to remove part of the bowel can help people with Crohn’s disease, but it’s not a cure. Surgery does not remove the disease, and it is not uncommon for people with Crohn’s disease to have more than one operation because the inflammation will return to the area next to where the diseased intestine turned into removed.
Surgery may be required if the disease does not respond well to medication. After the first surgery, Crohn’s disease reappears in the incised area. After being cut, a wound tissue develops in that area, causing wrinkles. Inhibition occurs when the contraction becomes too short for the waste to pass through. After the first excision, another operation may be required within five years.
Doctors may prescribe some nutritional supplements, especially for underdeveloped children. A few patients may need to be fed intravenously for a while through a small tube inserted into the vein of the hand. This procedure can help patients who are temporarily in need of extra nutrition, those whose intestines need to rest, or those whose intestines are unable to absorb enough nutrients from food. There is no such thing as foods that cause Crohn’s disease. However, people with the disease may be more likely to have diarrhea and muscle cramps if they consume foods such as whole grains, hot spices, alcohol, and dairy products.
Some lifestyle changes can reduce symptoms, including changing diets, drinking water regularly, and quitting smoking. Instead of eating too much at once, you can avoid overeating by eating less often. To manage symptoms, eat the right balanced diet. Physical weakness can be corrected with regular exercise, a good diet, and good sleep. A diet diary can help identify foods that can trigger symptoms. If high-fiber diets exacerbate the problem, some patients may be given a low-fiber diet to avoid symptoms.
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