Mauritius officially called the Republic of Mauritius is an island country in the Indian Ocean about 2,000 kilometers to the southeastern coast of the African continent. The islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues, which lie 560 kilometers east of Mauritius, are part of the country. The Mascarene Islands are the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigues. Port Louis is Mauritius’ capital and largest city.
Mark Twain, once referred to the paradise of Mauritius. It offers pleasant weather, pristine sandy beaches, deep blue waters, and panoramic spots to melt your heart. Mauritius will blind the most distinguished traveler with its excellent walking and wonderful diving spots, a hypnotic combination of Indian and African influences and European influences.
History of Mauritius :
Before its first recorded visit in mediaeval times, Arab sailors had not been living on the island of Mauritius. In 1507, Portuguese sailors came and set up a visiting base in the uninhabited island. The Portuguese did not remain in these islands until they were interested in them. Mauritius was named after Prince Mauritius Van Nassau of the Republic of the Netherlands in 1598.
In 1638, the Dutch set up in Mauritius a small settlement. It took about 20 years to make the first settlement. In 1710 the Netherlands abandoned Mauritius because it was not sufficiently developed to generate dividends. In 1715, France took over Mauritius and renamed Mauritius Isle. The island was controlled by the French until 1810 when the French built many buildings that still stand until today.
Before its first recorded visit to the Middle Ages, Arab sailors had left Mauritius uninhabited. The Portuguese sailors came to the uninhabited island in 1507 and set up a base for visitors. The Portuguese didn’t remain in these islands as long as they were not interested. The islands were named Mauritius in 1598 after the Dutch Republic’s Prince Mauritius Van Nassau.
In 1638 in Mauritius, the Netherlands established a small colony. It lasted 20 years for the first settlement. In 1710 the Netherlands abandoned Mauritius because of its inadequate dividend development. In 1715, France took over Mauritius, renaming it Isle de France. The island was under French control until 1810 when the French erected many buildings still standing until today.
Geography and landscape of Mauritius :
The country’s total surface area is 2.040 km. The country is by size the 169th largest in the world. The Mauritius Republic is comprised of Mauritius’ main island and several outskirts. The second island is Rodrigues, covering 108 kilometers, and is 560 kilometers to the east of Mauritius; some 1,000 kilometers north of Mauritius are the twin islands of Agalega, with a total area of 26 kilometers. Saint Brandon is a sandbank, foals, and islets archipelago.
Mauritius Island, which was created by volcanic activity some 8 million years ago, is relatively young geologically. The island belongs to the Mascarene Islands, together with Saint Brandon, Réunion, and Rodrigues. The volcanic submarine eruptions occurred thousands of kilometers east of the Africa and Madagascar continental bloc and have caused these islands to emerge. Their volcanic activity is no longer active and now the hotspot is under Reunion Island. The ring of mountain ranges around Mauritius, which range between 300 and 800 meters high above sea level, is broken. The country extends from the coastline to the central plateau at a height of 670 meters; Piton de la Petite Rivière Noire at a distance of 828. The highest peak in the southwest is. Streams and rivers spread across the island, many of them formed by lava flows in cracks.
The best time to visit the climate:
In Mauritius, the environment is typically tropical, with forests in mountainous areas in the coastal regions. Seasonal cyclones damage its flora and fauna but quickly recover. Mauritius was ranked second in the 2011 World Health Organization air quality index.
Mauritius has a tropical climate in the vicinity of the Tropic of Capricorn. There are 2 seasons: from November to April a warm humid summer with a mean temperature of 24.7 °C and from July to September a relatively cool dry winter with a medium temperature of 20.4 °C. The seasonal temperature difference is only 4.3°C.
The warmest months are in January and February with maximum average daily temperatures of 29.2°C and average night minimum temperatures of 16.4°C in July and August. The annual precipitation on the Central Plateau ranges from 900 mm on the coast, to 1500 mm. Although the rainy season is not significant, the majority of the rainfall is over the summer. The lagoon’s sea temperature is between 22 and 27°C. The central platform is far cooler and can experience as much as double the rainfall as the surrounding coastal areas.
Mauritius is best spotted in cool, dry and sunny weather from May to December. It has a traditional tropical climate with warm weather throughout the year.